Here you’ll get easy history facts about the warrior land of Mewar.
Mewar is considered to own a glorious history than any other kingdoms that existed in India in the ruler-kingdom era. There have been several disputes emerged and fought out in several battles for specifically gaining the Mewar Kingdom.
We’ve tried to present the events and facts of Mewar history in point to point format below:
History of Mewar
Compilation of Mewar Land
- Several fellows consider that only Udaipur city is Mewar, but there were also other cities from various states that emerged in the history of Mewar Kingdom.
- The Mewar region comprised of Bhilwara, Rajsamand, Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Pirawa (Jhalawar District) from Rajasthan; Mandsaur and Neemuch from Madhya Pradesh; and some parts of Gujarat.
Emergence of Mewar
- Mewar was founded in 530 by Bappa Rawal, an ancestor of the Sisodiya dynasty.
- It is believed that Mewar was a slang name for ‘Medapata’, it means initially the Mewar Kingdom was referred as Medapata Kingdom and later the slang word ‘Mewar’ was used.
- At the time of Bappa Rawal’s reign, Mewar’s capital was Nagda that lays 19 kms north of Udaipur city which became the final capital of Mewar in the last reigns of Maharanas.
Reigns and Kings of Mewar
- Before Udaipur became the capital in the Mewar history, Chittor which is now referred as ‘Chittorgarh’ was the capital of Mewar.
- Listed below are the names of the rulers and their reigns in the Mewar kingdom categorized in two categories: Mewar Kingdom with Chittor Capital & Mewar Kingdom with Udaipur Capital.
Mewar Kingdom with Chittor Capital
|1||Maharana Hamir Singh I||1326||1364|
|6||Maharana Udai Singh I||1468||1473|
|7||Maharana Rai Mal||1473||1509|
|8||Maharana Sangram Singh I Rana Sanga||1509||1528|
|9||Maharana Ratan Singh II||1531|
|10||Maharana Vikramaditya Singh||1531||1537|
|11||Maharana Vanvir Singh||1537||1540|
Mewar Kingdom with Udaipur Capital
|1||Maharana Udai Singh II||1568||1572|
|2||Maharana Pratap Singh I||1572||1597|
|3||Maharana Amar Singh I||1597||1620|
|4||Maharana Karan Singh II||1620||1628|
|5||Maharana Jagat Singh I||1628||1652|
|6||Maharana Raj Singh I||1652||1680|
|7||Maharana Jai Singh||1680||1698|
|8||Maharana Amar Singh II||1698||1710|
|9||Maharana Sangram Singh II||1710||1734|
|10||Maharana Jagat Singh II||1734||1751|
|11||Maharana Pratap Singh II||1751||1754|
|12||Maharana Raj Singh II||1754||1761|
|13||Maharana Ari Singh II||1761||1773|
|14||Maharana Hamir Singh II||1773||1778|
|15||Maharana Bhim Singh||1778||1828|
|16||Maharana Jawan Singh||1828||1838|
|17||Maharana Sardar Singh||1838||1842|
|18||Maharana Swarup Singh||1842||1861|
|19||Maharana Shambhu Singh||1861||1874|
|20||Maharana Sajjan Singh||1874||1884|
|21||Maharana Fateh Singh||1884||1930|
|22||Maharana Bhupal Singh||1930||1956|
|23||Maharana Bhagwat Singh||1956||1984|
Facts about Rulers of Mewar
Chittor Mewar Dynasty:
- Maharana Hamir Singh I was the first Mewar ruler to adapt the title which was later used as a prefix to all the rulers’ name: ‘Maharana’.
- Maharana Lakha claimed back the Mewar territories from Delhi.
- Maharana Mokal was killed at the age of 24 when the Marwar invaded Mewar.
- Maharana Sangram Singh I is popularly renowned as Rana Sanga, he was a great warrior who fought against the raids of Ibrahim Lodhi of Delhi. Later in 1527 was defeated in a furious battle against Babur the Mughal Emperor.
- Maharana Udai Singh II had to shift the capital of Mewar from Chittor to Udaipur as Mughal Emperor Akbar sieged the palace and their forces were outnumbered.
- Maharana Ratan Sen the husband of Rani Padmini (Padmavati) as depicted in the famous movie of Sanjay Leela Bhansali ‘Padmavat’ was also a Mewar ruler (1302 – 1303 CE).
Udaipur Mewar Dynasty:
Maharana Pratap Singh I is the most celebrated Maharanas of Mewar, he fought fiercely from the Mughal Emperor Akbar to keep his Mewar in safe hands. The Battle of Haldighati is remembered as a token of bravery and sacrifice.
- Maharana Amar Singh I became a vassal of the Mughal Empire for around 150 years and accepted their dominance.
- Maharana Karan Singh II provided refuge to Prince Khurram populary known as Shah Jahan at the Jagmandir Island Palace located amidst the Lake Pichola.
- On April 7th 1949 Udaipur was signed under the accession of an Independent Democratic India.
- The Maharanas now are considered as the Mewar Custodians.
East India Company and Mewar Treaty
- On January 13th 1818, the Treaty of Friendship, Unity and Alliance was signed between the East India Company and Mewar as the Scindia, Amir Khan, and Holkar raided Mewar frequently for more than half a century before 1818.
- The treaty stated that Mewar will acknowledge the supremacy of British in return of protection for the Mewar territory.
Places to visit to relive the History of Mewar
- Chittorgarh Fort: The initial Mewar Capital Chittor was accessed from Chittorgarh Fort by the Maharanas. The Chittorgarh fort is said to still sing the tales of the queens who performed Jauhar on various war occasions.
- City Palace (Udaipur): The administration of Mewar was taken care of by the Maharanas from City Palace Udaipur, as Udaipur became the capital of Mewar later.
- Kumbhalgarh: The wall of Kumbhhalgarh is much famous as it is the second longest wall of the world after the Great Wall of China.
- Haldi Ghati: The Bloody Battle of Haldighati can be sensed by the artforms showcased in the Haldighati Museum and the color of the sand.
- Sajjangarh: This Monsoon Palace was built specially to adore the monsoon clouds over Mewar closely and acquire an aerial look of the capital.
- Jagmandir Island Palace: Prince Khurram (Shah Jahan) took refuge in Jagmandir Island Palace, and there are various architectural designs that may reflect the Mughal and Mewar compilation.
- Taj Lake Palace: It was built for the royal families to relax as a pleasure palace amidst the Pichola Lake.
- Ranakpur Temple: It is considered to be one of the most important Jain Temples as on the spree of destroying Hindu and Jain temples by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb; this Temple was left untouched because of it hiding in the geographically difficult terrain location.
Hope this article helped you in learning the magnificent brief history of Mewar.
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